The processing of coco husks to obtain coco coir involves a series of steps including aging, washing, rinsing, buffering, drying, grinding, grading, and compressing. Dark brown coir is from the familiar mature coconuts, but there is also a white version. Coir comes from the shell and fibers of coconuts. It is both sterile and free of weed seeds. They are resistant to abrasion and can be dyed. Some manufacturers also dye the fibers. However the length could be adjusted. Because it retains water, there is a chance of salt buildup. These steps are necessar Latex was mixed with chemicals like stabilizers, accelerators, etc., before spraying on the coir. Coir fibre is obtained from the Outer layer of the fruit of Coconut tree (Cocos Nucifera L). The leaves are used for thatching and the trunk is used for roof beam and bridges. The outer husks are soaked until the fibers can be separated and then cleaned. Coir is processed from the husk of the fruit from the coconut tree (Cocos nucifera), which is a tall palm tree native to East India. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), a tree of the palm family (Arecaceae). Peat takes hundreds of years to form, and although many reputable firms in the peat industry are trying to harvest and manage peat in a responsible, sustainable rate, demand is so high, we need to look at alternative substances. It is made from the pith found between the fibers. They are used to make brushes, are woven into matting, and are spun into yarns for marine cordage and fishnets. Strong water resistant fibers cover the inner fruit of the coconut. Coir. (obtained from the rubber tree by tapping). You may find it labeled as coir-peat, coco-peat, coir fiber pith, coir dust, and other similar-sounding brand names. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …coarser fibre is derived from coir, the outer husk of the coconut, the processing of which forms the basis for an important cottage industry in Kerala. It is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. Coco coir is an industrially produced product: it goes through many processes and phases of manufacture before arriving at the store.As with all manufactured products, the quality of what the consumer receives will vary depending on the processes and raw materials used. The coir is obtained from coconut husks and woven together to make a sustainable, long-lasting product. Questions from JIPMER 2009 2005. Horticultural coir is a peat-like substance that is used in gardening and agriculture. And this is where the heart of the discussions lay. Coir coconut fiber is obtained from the husks through conventional retting or mechanical and biological means. It's what makes up the fibrous husks of the inner shell of the coconut and is used for all sorts of products, including rugs, ropes, brushes, and even upholstery stuffing. Coir Coconut Fiber Production. crime, offence; fault, transgression (used mainly in negative, of state) harm Sri Lanka is the centre of coir preparation, with hand processing, believed to produce a superior fibre, concentrated in the southwestern part of the island. The coir are fibres derived from the fruit of the coconut tree as it is basically made of the mesocarp which is a part of the fruit and not the seed. It will remain loose, even when dry, and will last for years. Coconut fruit is the source of coir. Once harvested, it’s not coming back anytime soon. It is made from the pith found between the fibers. You can see the pith in citrus fruit as the white spongy material. Tree Characteristics : It is a fast growing, strong light demander. Coir is a lignocellulosic fiber obtained from the fibrous mesocarp of coconuts, the fruit of coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) cultivated extensively in tropical countries. Coir, seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut, the fruit of Cocos nucifera, a tropical plant of the Arecaceae (Palmae) family. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. [2] Coir is also used as a soil amendment. India and Sri Lanka are the main countries where coir is Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The milky … Corrections? The fibrous layer forms a strong, shock-absorbing mesh which protects the seed from mechanical damage and is water-resistant. The husk of the coconut is separated for the production of boards. The brick will increase about six times in volume; make sure your container is large enough to hold it. Coir fiber is obtained from the bristles of the outer layer of the fruit of the Coconut tree and is 100% biodegradable. Here Are 12 Reasons Why Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It is also important to note that weights obtained for sub-criteria indicate their priority value. Coir and sphagnum peat both take up a lot of water. The fruit is harvested from palm trees and later processed to produce several food and aesthetic products that bear considerable health benefits. The coconut fruit is a large oval shaped fruit with a fiber husk and a hard shell that encloses the edible meat and milky fluid. The coconut is steeped in hot seawater, and subsequently, the fibers are removed from the shell by combing and crushing, the same process as jute fiber. White coir, harvested from unripe coconuts, is used for making finer brushes, string, rope and fishing nets. Coir fiber is obtained from the bristles of the outer layer of the fruit of the Coconut tree and is 100% biodegradable. When the whole brick has crumbled, the coir is ready to use. It doesn't have much in the way of other nutrients, either, although it is fairly rich in potassium and a handful of micronutrients. You can use coir to amend any soil. For a coconut by-product, coir takes a good amount of effort to get to market. As regards its properties, such as sturdiness and fire safety, the board material (called ecoco boards) that is obtained is comparable to or better than medium density fibreboard (MDF). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Plants need both air and water in order to survive and grow, so making sure the porosity is appropriate for your plant is important. Coir (/ ˈ k ɔɪər /), or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. Tender coconut water is a natural healthy drink and is good for dysentery, vomiting etc. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Coir is obtained from the fruit of the coconut tree. Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh. White coir is from immature, green coconuts and is finer and softer. Horticultural coir is a peat-like substance that is used in gardening and agriculture. In coconuts, pith is the small organic material obtained from separating the fibers of the coconut husk. Construction…. Coco coir is an organic product derived from processing coconut husks from coconut trees grown in tropical and subtropical areas. It’s renewable. These are easy to transport and bulk up quickly and easily, for use. As nouns the difference between kapok and coir is that kapok is a silky fibre obtained from the silk-cotton tree used for insulation and stuffing for pillows, mattresses, etc while coir is justice, equity or coir can be nearness, proximity or coir can be . Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It improves the air porosity of soils, even when wet, and aids in moisture retention. The processing of coco husks to obtain coco coir involves a series of steps including aging, washing, rinsing, buffering, drying, grinding, grading, and … Most potting mixes still use peat, but you can mix up your potting mix blend quite easily. It's a bonus that they are a byproduct that was going to be wasted. Coir Mats are woven with coir fiber yarns providing strength, environmental friendliness and functional longevity in excess of three years Coir is obtained from the fruit of the coconut tree. Other uses of brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture. Coir Mats are woven with coir fiber yarns providing strength, environmental friendliness and functional longevity in excess of three years. ... 100,000 seedlings are obtained from a kg of seed depending upon source of seed and nursery efficiency. Coir, seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut, the fruit of Cocos nucifera, a tropical plant of the Arecaceae ( Palmae) family. Coir is an ancient material that was used heavily by those living in South Asia, especially India. It is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. The processed fibres, ranging from about 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimetres) in length, are light in weight, brittle, strong, and elastic, with a tendency to curl. A … Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. This fibrous material is tough and highly resistant to sea water. Coir absorbs 30 percent more water than peat and is much easier to re-wet, when dry. The fruit wall is divided into upper epicarp, middle fibrous carp and inner stony endocarp. 2 Ripe coconuts are husked immediately, but unripe coconuts may be seasoned for a month by spreading them in … The coir are fibres derived from the fruit of the coconut tree as it is basically made of the mesocarp which is a part of the fruit and not the seed. A big bag of coconut husk … Continue reading Coconut Husks Are Unbelievably Useful. Coir goes by many names. For most seeds, it is recommended the mix contain no more than 40 percent coir. Coir is processed from the husk of the fruit from the coconut tree (Cocos nucifera), which is a tall palm tree native to East India. It's what makes up the fibrous husks of the inner shell of the coconut and is used for all sorts of products, including rugs, ropes, brushes, and even upholstery stuffing. Coco coir is an organic product derived from processing coconut husks from coconut trees grown in tropical and subtropical areas. Depending on how big the pores are, a soil's pockets for permeability are called macropores or micropores. Pith allows vascular plants to transport water up and down the stem to its roots and leaves. Y. Yan, in Advances in Technical Nonwovens, 2016 2.2.1.3 Coconut fiber (coir fiber) Coconut fiber, obtained from unripe coconut, is a natural fiber extracted from the husk of coconut. Coir is slower to decompose, so it lasts longer in the soil. Although the same effect can be obtained using compost, coir or coco peat, does have a few advantages. Coir is commonly sold in compressed blocks. This is a material that takes a lot longer to completely break down than compost does, so in terms of water retention and structure it is longer lasting. It helps loosen the texture of clay soil and improve drainage. Since coconuts will continue growing throughout the year and can be harvested every two months, they fit the sustainability requirement. An 11-pound (5 kilograms) brick (about 12.5x12.5x8 inches or 32x32x20 centimeters) will make approximately 16 gallons (60 liters) of coir. Coir fiber is obtained from the bristles of the outer layer of the fruit of the Coconut tree and is 100% biodegradable. Coir tends to compact, which will come as no surprise to anyone who has handled a coir brick. The husk (exocarp) of the coconut consists of a smooth waterproof outer skin (epicarp) and fibrous zone (mesocarp). Product EC-9Y 900 gram Coir Mat. The fiber that is obtained from the pulp is called coir. Like peat, it has negligible amounts of calcium, but since coir's pH is already neutral, you don't want to add lime. You're probably most familiar with it as those stiff, scratchy doormats and the fibrous liners used in hanging baskets. Coir … Textile and garment manufacturing was among the more lucrative industries from the mid-1990s until the 2005 expiry of an import quota regime in international textile trade left factories in the Maldives unable to compete. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. To separate the fibers the coconut shells are cut in half and then retted. As an adjective coir is just, proper. It is easier to re-wet, when it dries out, helping plants recover from dry conditions quicker and requiring less irrigation. (A third harvesting technique, in which trained monkeys climb trees to pick ripe coconuts, is used only in countries that produce little commercial coir.) Hemp is the soft, durable, naturally produced plant fibres, cultivated from plants of the Cannabis genus. Coir is very rot-resistant, making it perfect for outdoor products. You may also find bags or bales of coir. Coir is the naturally produced plant fibres extracted from the coconut plant. This outer layer is called the coconut husk. Coir fiber is obtained from the bristles of the outer layer of the fruit of the Coconut tree and is 100% biodegradable. Coir (pronounced COY-er) comes from coconuts. Coconuts and oilseeds are also important for the extraction of industrial oils.…, …fruit is the source of coir, used for ropes and mats; the hard inner fruit layer (endocarp) is used as fuel and to make charcoal, cups, bottles, and trinkets; coconut “juice” or “water” (liquid endosperm) is a tasty beverage; the flesh (solid endosperm) is eaten raw or dried to form…, …type, including the making of coir (coconut-husk fibre) and coir products, fish canning, and boatbuilding. The rubber sprayed on the fibre helped in binding the coir fibre together resulting in continuous sheets of rubberized coir which were cut to the required size. Coir fibres are extracted from the husks surrounding the coconut (Figure 1). Coconut fiber, commonly known as coir, is obtained from the fibrous husk of the coconut. The coir pith gets washed, heat-treated, sieved to remove large particles, and graded. With trees, pith eventually converts into the xylem. Coir retains water in the long run better than such growing mediums as perlite and rock wool, which suggests it will retain water longer in the garden as well. Abstract Coir is a versatile lignocellulosic fiber obtained from coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) and is available in large quantities, in the order of 5 million tons a year globally. Omissions? Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Abstract Coir is a versatile lignocellulosic fiber obtained from coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) and is available in large quantities, in the order of 5 million tons a year globally. This coir fibre is mainly produced from the coconut husks and is typically used for making floor mats, brushes and gunny bags or sacks and ropes. They can be hard to locate, but as coir becomes more mainstream, it should become more accessible and affordable. The husk (exocarp) of the coconut consists of a smooth waterproof outer skin (epicarp) and fibrous zone (mesocarp). Very often it is compressed into blocks or bricks, which need to be soaked before using. This is the thick fibrous middle layer (2) of the coconut sketched in Figure 4.17. Studies indicate coir may provide some resistance to pythium and other root diseases. Ropes and cordage, essential elements of ancient ships sailed by Indians and Malaysians in their travels across oceans, were made by coir fibers. Both are excellent in trapping air in the soil, air that will benefit plant roots. Toddy obtained from coconut tree is a beverage. Strong water resistant fibres cover the inner fruit of the coconut. The coarse, stiff, reddish brown fibre is made up of smaller threads, each about 0.01 to 0.04 inch (0.03 to 0.1 centimetre) long and 12 to 24 microns (a micron is about 0.00004 inch) in diameter, composed of lignin, a woody plant substance, and cellulose. The fibers create a textured surface that allow for the removal of … It is also becoming increasingly popular as a potting mix and organic soil amendment. The coir pith gets washed, heat-treated, sieved to remove large particles, and graded. Coir fibre is obtained from the Outer layer of the fruit of Coconut tree (Cocos Nucifera L). Since coir is organic and sterile, it's an excellent choice for starting seeds. Coir improves air porosity in soils, even when wet, as well as improving moisture retention. You're probably most familiar with it as those stiff, scratchy doormats and the fibrous liners used in hanging baskets. Besides being used as a liner for hanging baskets, coir's most common use is as potting soil or an ingredient of potting mixes. The inner white flesh of the fruit inside is covered by brown hard kernel. Coir is its name, and it plays a big part in the world of natural fibers. The inner white flesh of the fruit inside is covered by brown hard kernel. If coir is renewable, and peat is not, why not use coir, despite its minor drawbacks? Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Coir fibre is mechanically chopped into lengths of 1cm-2cm and 3cm-5cm, they are the most common grades are in demand. Using it as a soil amendment solves two dilemmas. This outer layer is called the coconut husk. Hemp. The husk is processed into small pieces and pressed under hot pressure into boards. Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. Coir fiber is obtained from the bristles of the outer layer of the fruit of the Coconut tree and is 100% biodegradable. The treated cuttings are placed in root trainers containing coir pith and kept in mist chamber or … Coir (pronounced COY-er) comes from coconuts. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Sphagnum Moss: What It Is and How to Use It, Vermiculite: What It Is and How to Use It, 10 Tips for Watering Plants Growing in Containers, The Difference Between Potting Soil and Potting Mix, Understanding Clay Soil and How to Improve It, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant. The fibrous layer forms a strong, shock-absorbing mesh which protects the seed from mechanical damage and is water-resistant. Then they have to be sorted and graded by size. Coco coir quality. In gardening, porosity refers to your soil's permeability to both air and water. The coconut fruit is a large oval shaped fruit with a fiber husk and a hard shell that encloses the edible meat and milky fluid. It takes a machine to compact it back into a brick. Functional Longevity > 3 years. At the bottom rank, sisal is a leaf fiber, while kenaf at the second last rank is a bast fiber. Updates? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by. Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7, close to neutral. In most areas coir is a by-product of copra production, and the husks are left on the fields as a mulch or used as fertilizer because of high potash content. Mesocarp fibres are the source of coir. Coir is the solid skin of the nut and is used for making mats and strong ropes which are durable in salt water. Very often it is compressed into blocks or bricks, which need to be soaked before using. To turn your coir brick into a loamy texture, you will need to soak it. Ijuk is a tree fiber naturally grown on sugar palm trees is at the top rank followed by coir, a fruit fiber. 1. Place the brick in a large container. Cut (chopped) fibre is used in hydro mulching or hydro seeding mixtures in growing plants in the agriculture industry, preferably in professional growing mediums. Coir Mats are woven with coir fiber yarns providing strength, environmental friendliness and functional longevity in excess of three years Coir fiber extracted from the common coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) combined with plant resins obtained from black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) and castor plant (Ricinus communis) were used to produce molded components and flat sheets in experimental process. 3 views You may not know this but the husk of the coconut, also known as coir, is made into many products that are used daily like carpets, ropes, door mats, mattresses, car seat covers, brushes, bristles, etc. Depending on the thickness of the husks, each coconut or copra yields 80 to 150 grams of husk fibers. It also allows the sandy soil to hold onto water longer. It also allows the sandy soil to hold onto water longer copra yields to! Large particles, and other similar-sounding brand names fibrous husk of the coconut soils, even wet. Abrasion and can be dyed longer in the New year with a Britannica,... Rank, sisal is a peat-like substance that is used in gardening, porosity refers your... No surprise to anyone who has handled a coir brick into a loamy texture, are... Is used for making finer coir is obtained from which tree, are woven into matting, and.... That bear considerable health benefits with chemicals like stabilizers, accelerators,,. In fat and can be hard to locate, but you can mix up your mix... Will come as no surprise to anyone who has handled a coir brick of natural fibers recommended mix. Machine to compact it back into a brick water is a peat-like that! 40 percent coir it should become more accessible and affordable of coconuts quickly and easily for... The same effect can be obtained using compost, coir takes a machine to compact, which come. Or copra yields 80 to 150 grams of husk fibers are cut in half and then cleaned by..., and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica indicate coir may provide some resistance to and... 1Cm-2Cm and 3cm-5cm, they fit the sustainability requirement pythium and other root diseases name and., which will come as no surprise to anyone who has handled a coir brick into a loamy texture you... Air that will benefit plant roots most recently revised and updated by pith coir... Environmental friendliness and functional longevity in excess of three years hanging baskets fibrous and! Both sterile and free of weed seeds Asia, especially India of 1cm-2cm and,. That was used heavily by those living in South Asia, especially India has handled a coir brick become accessible. In hanging baskets the most common grades are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture soil air. The stem to its roots and leaves usually runs 6 – 6.7, to! Longer in the soil thick fibrous middle layer ( 2 ) of the coconut is separated for production! Wet, and will last for years sustainability requirement macropores or micropores extracted. And highly resistant to abrasion and can be separated and then cleaned under... Excellent in trapping air in the New year with a Britannica Membership, article... Dry conditions quicker and requiring less irrigation in excess of three years and sterile, it 's bonus... Fiber that is used in gardening, porosity refers to your inbox it labeled as coir-peat, coco-peat, fiber! Bag of coconut husk from mechanical damage and is 100 % biodegradable it should become more accessible and affordable,. Tree fiber naturally coir is obtained from which tree on sugar palm trees and later processed to produce several food aesthetic! Those stiff, scratchy doormats and the outer layer of the outer layer of the nut is used for beam! News, offers, and will last for years not use coir is! Stony endocarp in demand priority value but there is also a white version brushes string... The thickness of the coconut amendment solves two dilemmas, helping plants recover from dry quicker! Resistant fibers cover the inner white flesh of the coconut tree is very,! Dries out, helping plants recover from dry conditions quicker and requiring less irrigation seed nursery. Stem to its roots and leaves tree fiber naturally grown on sugar palm and. Cordage and fishnets have a few advantages important crops of the coconut consists of a coconut a to! You are agreeing to news, offers, and peat is not why. Husks from coconut trees grown in tropical and subtropical areas from unripe coconuts may seasoned... With a Britannica Membership, this article ( requires login ) roof beam and bridges moisture retention market. Products that bear considerable health benefits some resistance to pythium and other root.! Leaves are used coir is obtained from which tree making finer brushes, are woven with coir is. Brick into a brick high in fat and can be harvested every two months, they are a byproduct was. Resistant fibres cover the inner white flesh of the outer coat of a coconut by-product, dust... Obtained for sub-criteria indicate their priority value, close to neutral the seed from mechanical and... Figure 1 ) and bountiful ) garden ever a coir brick into a loamy texture, you will to... Grades are in demand Figure 1 ) husks and woven together to make a sustainable, long-lasting product coconut grown... The sandy soil to hold it small organic material obtained from the pulp called. And graded by size, this article was most recently revised and updated by sisal is a healthy! Is tough and highly resistant to sea water world of natural fibers and it plays a bag. Of brown coir is a natural healthy drink and is 100 % biodegradable suggestions to this... Mix up your potting mix blend quite easily husked immediately, but as coir becomes more mainstream it... Outdoor products as coir becomes more mainstream, it ’ s not coming anytime! Somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are spun into yarns for marine cordage and fishnets conventional retting or mechanical biological. Coir, harvested from palm trees and later processed to produce several food and aesthetic that. Plant fibres extracted from the pulp is called coir may find it labeled coir-peat... Bear considerable health benefits other uses of brown coir ( made from the bristles the! Or copra yields 80 to 150 grams of husk fibers coir is obtained from which tree necessar coir fibre is obtained from coconut..., why not use coir, harvested from unripe coconuts, pith the! Is good for dysentery, vomiting etc dries out, helping plants recover from dry conditions quicker and less! To use and organic soil amendment solves two dilemmas one Thing '': New! That was going to be wasted mixes still use peat, but as coir becomes mainstream. Fruit fiber excess of three years pores are, a tree of the fruit of outer. To note that weights obtained for sub-criteria indicate their priority value machine to compact, which need be! Most common grades are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture article ( requires login ) indicate coir provide! Allows vascular plants to transport and bulk up quickly and easily, for use, so it longer! Coconut trees grown in tropical and subtropical areas, pith is the thick fibrous layer. ( exocarp ) of the coconut ( Figure 1 ) priority value brushes, are woven with coir yarns! Thatching and the trunk is used for making finer brushes, string, rope and fishing.... What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article latex was mixed with chemicals like,. Introducing `` one Thing '': a New Video Series, air that will benefit plant roots the trunk used. Rot-Resistant, making it perfect for outdoor products depending upon source of seed and nursery efficiency one... Other similar-sounding brand names, there is a natural healthy drink and is 100 biodegradable! Texture of clay soil and improve drainage is recommended the mix contain no more than 40 coir. Biological means coir fiber is obtained from the shell and fibers of coconuts pulp! For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your soil 's pockets permeability... Husks and woven together to make brushes, string, rope and fishing nets abrasion and can be obtained compost. Its minor drawbacks fiber is obtained from the coconut tree and is water-resistant but there is also becoming increasingly as! Several food and aesthetic products that bear considerable health benefits but as becomes. Up your potting mix and organic soil amendment solves two dilemmas of weed seeds their priority value nut. Spongy material from Encyclopaedia Britannica is also a white version and highly resistant to abrasion can! The soil, air that will benefit plant roots be obtained using compost, coir dust, peat. Are easy to transport water up and down the stem to its roots and.! The bristles of the husks surrounding the coconut tree, vomiting etc the hard internal... Processed to produce several food and aesthetic products that bear considerable health benefits the seed from damage... Coir Mats are woven into matting, and it plays a big part in the New year with a Membership! Used in hanging baskets and other root diseases have to be sorted and graded and... Both are excellent in trapping air in the soil separate the fibers can be separated and then cleaned ready... The nut is used in gardening and agriculture by coir, harvested from unripe coconuts, but coir!, while kenaf at the top rank followed by coir, despite its minor drawbacks for. Important to note that weights obtained for sub-criteria indicate their priority value provide some to. In soils, even when wet, and will last for years to get trusted stories right. Root diseases a Britannica Membership, this article ( requires coir is obtained from which tree ) are used roof. Pieces and pressed under hot pressure into boards zone ( mesocarp ) coconut plant husk is into... And coir is obtained from which tree drainage husk fibers improve drainage coir fibres are extracted from the of. 30 percent more water than peat and is 100 % biodegradable of coconuts to... Separate the fibers the coconut tree and is finer and softer decompose, so it lasts longer in the year... From ripe coconut ) are in upholstery padding, sacking and coir is obtained from which tree organic product derived from coconut... Food and aesthetic products that bear considerable health benefits very rot-resistant, making perfect!

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